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By Doug Young – 15 January 2024

central banks buying gold


Central banks worldwide are engaging in a significant gold buying spree, driven by the need to hedge against potential financial crises.

With 2022 marking a record-breaking year in gold purchases, these financial institutions are on track to increase their gold holdings for the 14th consecutive year in 2023. The World Gold Council predicts that this trend will continue in 2024, solidifying gold’s role as a crucial asset in central banks’ portfolios.

Central Banks’ Growing Appetite for Gold

Central banks have been aggressively increasing their gold holdings, surpassing previous records. In 2022 alone, central banks bought a staggering 1,078 metric tons of gold, and this figure may be exceeded by the end of 2023.

This consistent rise in gold purchases reflects the increasing importance central banks place on diversifying their reserves and mitigating potential economic risks.

Reasons Behind Central Banks’ Gold Purchases

The primary driving force behind central banks’ gold purchases is de-dollarization. Nations like China, Russia, and others aim to reduce their exposure to the US dollar, diversifying their reserve assets to safeguard against currency fluctuations and geopolitical uncertainties.

Additionally, gold’s intrinsic value is a significant factor. Unlike fiat currencies or cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, gold has inherent worth and acts as a store of value over time, making it an attractive asset for central banks.

Gold as a Confidence-Boosting Asset

Central banks view gold as a confidence-boosting asset due to its ability to retain value. Holding gold provides a sense of stability, reassuring the public that the central bank can maintain the value of any currency it issues.

In the event of unexpected currency crises or the need to create a new currency, central banks can rely on their gold reserves to back the new monetary system, providing a solid foundation for financial stability.

Gold Reserves as a Safeguard Against Crisis

Central banks consider gold reserves as a crucial safeguard against systemic risks and potential fiscal failures. The sheer physical presence of gold provides a sense of security for central banks, as its value remains intact even during times of economic turmoil.

In an interview, a senior official at the Central Bank of the Netherlands emphasized that gold serves as a hedge against catastrophic scenarios. If everything collapses, the value of gold reserves skyrockets, providing a lifeline for central banks and the economies they support.

Central Banks’ Gold Reserves Worldwide

Various central banks worldwide have made significant investments in gold reserves. The Dutch Central Bank, for instance, owns the equivalent of 4% of the Netherlands’ GDP in gold, reflecting their confidence in its value.

Other Western European nations, including France, Germany, and Italy, also maintain substantial gold reserves, with each country holding approximately 5% of their respective GDPs in gold.

The United States, despite rarely discussing its gold holdings, possesses the largest reserve with 8,133 metric tons, surpassing even the combined holdings of France, Germany, and Italy.

Implications for Retirement Savers

Given central banks’ focus on gold as a hedge against financial crises, retirement savers may want to consider the role of gold in their investment portfolios. While the decision ultimately depends on individual circumstances, understanding the strategies employed by central banks can provide valuable insights.

Gold’s potential to diversify and act as a safe haven during times of economic uncertainty may make it an attractive option for retirement savers seeking to protect their assets.


The record-breaking gold buying spree by central banks highlights the increasing importance of gold as a hedge against potential financial crises.

Central banks’ appetite for gold continues to grow, driven by de-dollarization efforts and the intrinsic value that gold offers.

As these financial institutions strategically bolster their gold reserves, retirement savers may find it worthwhile to consider gold’s role in diversifying their investment portfolios. With central banks relying on gold to instil public confidence and mitigate risks, the enduring allure of this precious metal remains steadfast.

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